Friday, September 4, 2015

حديث الثورة- لاجئو سوريا.. أزمة أم تداعيات أزمة



SUPER!

ما وراء الخبر- واشنطن والرياض.. هل تردم هوة الخلافات؟

DNA- عون بالشارع- 04/09/2015

Greece: Refugees attacked and in ‘hellish conditions' on Kos

Link

Today’s visit by European Commission leaders to the Greek island of Kos must result in immediate action to end the prolonged suffering of thousands of refugees, including many children, staying in inhumane conditions, Amnesty International said following a research mission on the island this week.
The organization witnessed a violent attack on refugees last night and has documented the overall dire conditions refugees face on the island. Researchers found children as young as a week old among the crowds forced to wait for days in baking heat to be registered by the local authorities, and interviewed unaccompanied minors being detained in deplorable conditions alongside adults.

The refugees we met on Kos have fled war and persecution in countries including Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. They include children, some with their families but others travelling alone. The hellish conditions the refugees are now forced to endure and the official indifference to their plight are appalling.
Kondylia Gogou, Greece Researcher at Amnesty International, who just returned from Kos


“The refugees we met on Kos have fled war and persecution in countries including Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. They include children, some with their families but others travelling alone. The hellish conditions the refugees are now forced to endure and the official indifference to their plight are appalling,” said Kondylia Gogou, Greece Researcher at Amnesty International, who just returned from Kos.

Attacked by thugs

Overnight last night Amnesty staff witnessed a group of 15-25 people brandishing bats physically attack refugees on Kos, while shouting "go back to your countries" and other slurs. They also threatened activists, including an Amnesty International staff member. An activist who was taking photographs had her camera removed and suffered minor injuries. Police did not stop them and riot police only intervened after the physical attacks had started and used teargas to disperse the crowd.
“Last night’s violent attack once again throws into sharp relief the danger to refugees and activists who help them. Action must be taken now at all levels to ensure they are protected,” said Kondylia Gogou.

Last night’s violent attack once again throws into sharp relief the danger to refugees and activists who help them. Action must be taken now at all levels to ensure they are protected.
Kondylia Gogou


Inhumane conditions on Kos

An estimated 3,000 to 4,000 refugees were staying on the island while Amnesty International visited. In the absence of any formal reception facilities, most are staying in squalid conditions as they wait to be documented before continuing their onward journey to the Greek mainland and beyond. The majority are believed to be from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. In all, more than 31,000 refugees have arrived on Kos so far this year with a surge since June 2015, according to Greek coastguard staff.
Most of the refugees cannot afford accommodation and are sleeping in tents, out in the open in appalling conditions or in the dilapidated Captain Elias hotel. While local residents and the humanitarian NGO Médecins Sans Frontières have been providing aid, municipal authorities have provided very little assistance and have even closed public toilets.
Police on Kos are currently using an old police station to document people before they leave the island. Amnesty International researchers visited the station on 2 September and saw around 100 refugees, including a one-week-old baby girl in her mother’s arms, sitting on the ground in a courtyard. No water was provided to those waiting to be documented. The only respite from the intense summer heat was an umbrella in the middle which provided shelter to few people.
Between 200 and 300 more people were waiting to go inside the police station – many said they waited for days on end. One man, a 28-year-old from Iraq, said he had been waiting for a week.
Information on rights and the identification of vulnerable groups is not provided by the authorities, but by UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) staff deployed on the island.
The situation has often been exacerbated by the reluctance of local authorities to set up a permanent reception centre with enough capacity and the lack of a coordinated and effective response.
In mid-August these failings came to a crunch when more than 2,000 people were locked in inhumane conditions in the local sports stadium. Reports emerged of police using excessive force against refugees waiting to be registered.

Children detained with adults

Amnesty International met four boys, three Pakistanis and one Syrian, all aged 16 or 17, who were being detained in a filthy police cell alongside adult criminal suspects.
Their detention conditions were deplorable – old and dirty mattresses, no blankets, broken lights and a strong stench emanating from a nearby toilet that was filthy and flooded.
“I travelled with another refugee family to Greece…When I showed my passport, the police detained me. My family has not heard about me since I was arrested,” said a 16-year-old Syrian boy who had arrived without family members.
The boy had no access to a lawyer or legal advice in the three days since his arrest.
“With tourist families enjoying summer holidays on Kos and local families gearing up to send their kids back to school, the contrast with the suffering of the refugee children could not be starker,” said Kondylia Gogou.
With tourist families enjoying summer holidays on Kos and local families gearing up to send their kids back to school, the contrast with the suffering of the refugee children could not be starker.
Kondylia Gogou

Recommendations

Amnesty International is urging:
  • Local authorities on Kos to cooperate with the central authorities to set up reception centres and shelter new arrivals in humane conditions until the necessary registration procedures are completed. They must immediately move any unaccompanied minors into appropriate shelter until all procedures are completed and they can be transferred to reception centres for unaccompanied children in mainland Greece;
  • The Greek government to swiftly implement the plans announced at a press conference on 3 September, including urgently deploying First Reception Centre staff on Kos (similar to those currently on Lesvos and Samos) to assist with the identification of vulnerable groups. It must also ensure that the authority responsible for the management of European Union (EU) funds such as AMIF (Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund) starts its operations as swiftly as possible;
  • The EU to support the Greek authorities with emergency financial support from the EU solidarity and emergency funds to manage the current crisis. Greece also needs logistical and operational support to meet the needs of those arriving on the islands. Even more importantly, EU member states need to relieve the pressure on Greece in the longer term by significantly reforming the EU’s asylum system and by providing more safe and legal routes into Europe for those who need protection. This includes significantly increasing resettlement places for the most vulnerable refugees as identified by UNHCR, more use of humanitarian visas and better options for family reunification.
“This is a crisis at all levels. Local authorities in Greece are unwilling to provide the necessary assistance, national authorities appear unable to, and European leaders are dithering in the face of an ever-mounting humanitarian crisis,” said Kondylia Gogou.
This is a crisis at all levels. Local authorities in Greece are unwilling to provide the necessary assistance, national authorities appear unable to, and European leaders are dithering in the face of an ever-mounting humanitarian crisis.
Kondylia Gogou

Background

The European Commission’s First Vice-President, Frans Timmermans, and Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship, Dimitris Avramopoulos, will visit Kos on 4 September to monitor the situation as local authorities have struggled to manage a surge in refugee arrivals over the summer.
On 3 September, Greek government ministers met in Athens to discuss the ongoing response to the refugee crisis on the Aegean islands. 
The ministers announced, among other measures, the creation of a coordination centre to manage refugee arrivals; deploying further staff and machinery for the swift documentation and identification of refugees; and that steps are under way to take immediate advantage of the available EU funds. They also called on the EU to provide the financial and logistical support needed.
Police officials told Amnesty International that without additional emergency funding from the EU, it would be immensely difficult to deploy staff and equipment on the Aegean islands and to set up documentation areas where refugees would be registered in humane conditions and improve detention conditions before the end of the year.
According to Greek government figures, 157,000 refugees arrived in Greece by sea during July and August. During the first eight months of 2015, more than 230,000 people arrived by sea. This is more than 13 times the 17,000 people who arrived during the same period in 2014. The vast majority are refugees.

Syrian refugee crisis: why has it become so bad?

After years of refugees struggling to make their way out of danger, Europe is finally realising the scale of the crisis. We look at why it has taken so long

The Guardian
A young boy slips through a narrow opening in a gate inside a refugee camp in Macedonia.


 A young boy slips through a narrow opening in a gate inside a refugee camp in Macedonia. Photograph: Win McNamee/Getty Images
Link



The Syrian war has been going on for four years, but only in 2015 has Europe woken up to the flow of Syrian refugees.

So why now?

It is hard to find definitive reasons, but conversations with Syrians across the migration trail and a survey of recently available data suggest a mixture of the following.
Firstly, the war is not getting any better. That has the dual effect of prompting more Syrians to leave their country and causing Syrians in exile in Turkey to give up hope of returning home.

Children rest on the ground at Piraeus harbour in Greece.
Pinterest
 Children rest on the ground at Piraeus harbour in Greece. Photograph: Michael Debets/Pacific/Barcroft

Secondly, Turkey is not a country for people to stay in for the long term. It has been more receptive than most, taking in about 2 million Syrian refugees. But Syrians do not have the right to work there legally, so it is not a place to settle. Additionally, the recent electoral setbacks for the AKP, the party perceived as being most in favour of helping Syrian refugees, has made many Syrians nervous about Turkey’s political future.
Thirdly, UN bodies working with millions of refugees in Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon are complaining that they are running out of money, making camp conditions harsher than in the past and life more untenable for Syrians who live on their own but still depend on UN subsidies.
The UNHCR reports that its appeals for cash are underfunded. The graphic below shows what rich countries have given to UNHCR to deal with the problem – leaving a gap of almost 40% between what it needs and what has been donated. 







And these figures are just for the Syria region. In eastern Europe, a conduit for thousands of refugees seeking respite in Europe, the finances are even more damning. A UNHCR request for £14m to deal with the specific problems of conduit countries such as Italy, Hungary and Bosnia has only reached 9% of the target.

A fourth point is that people have finally saved up enough money. It is expensive to pay for your family to cross to Greece and then work your way up through Europe. Depending on how many smugglers you use, every individual might spend about $3,000 (£1,970) to get to Germany. It takes time to get that kind of cash – and maybe we are now seeing the result of several years of penny-pinching.The knock-on effect is that the UN has been unable to provide as much financial support to Syrian refugees in the Middle East during the past year, and so many have opted for Europe as a result.
Fifth, there is now a known route. People have long trekked through the Balkans to the EU, but Syrians were not previously among them. That changed late last summer, when the first few Syrians found the Balkan route to Europe. Those trailblazers told their friends, who told their friends, who set up Facebook groups about it. Suddenly a phenomenon was born – and one that grew still faster when people realised that the window might not stay open for much longer.
And sixth, the crisis is only a crisis because of the European response to it. EU countries have spent all year debating and procrastinating about an appropriate solution to Europe’s biggest refugee movement since the second world war.
80
60
40
20
0
n/a
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Rep.
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
UK
Number of decisions taken in 2014, 000s
Proportion of positive decisions as % of decisions taken


The chart above shows the problem: a few countries are bearing the brunt, while at least a dozen others take in virtually no one. Any attempt to parcel out refugeesto all 28 EU countries in proportion to the size of their populations is being resisted by those where there is a deep-seated apprehension about becoming “overrun” by refugees.
Lastly, to put things in perspective: Europe may be quailing at the numbers trying to get in, but it is as nothing compared to the numbers that Syria’s neighbours have been dealing with. Here is a chart that speaks for itself:

Syrian refugees

Number of refugees, millions
*Note: for Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt and Iraq the number is the latest count of registered Syrian refugees.
For the European countries it is the number of asylum applications by Syrians between April 2011 and July 2015
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
Turkey*
Lebanon
Jordan
Egypt
Iraq
Greece
Italy
UK
Sweden
Germany

A GREAT CARTOON

Current Al-Jazeera (Arabic) Online Poll



Will the current wave of migrations change the population composition in Iraq and Syria?

So far, 85% have voted yes. 

Thursday, September 3, 2015

هل بدأ حسم الحرب في اليمن بريا؟


فيما يبدو تحولا نوعيا على مستوى عدد وإعداد المقاتلين ثم المعدات العسكرية النوعية أفادت مصادر عسكرية في اليمن بأن قوات برية يمنية وخليجية وتعزيزات نوعية وأسلحة ثقيلة بل وطائرات أباتشي وصلت للجبهات في محافظات مأرب والجوف وصعدة.
تطورات أثارت الكثير من التساؤلات بشأن ما يمكن أن تحدثه هذه التعزيزات من تحول في الواقع الميداني بهذه المحافظات من ناحية، وفي سير المواجهة العامة مع الحوثيين وأنصار علي عبد الله صالح من ناحية أخرى.
في هذا السياق، ناقشت حلقة "ما وراء الخبر" التأثيرات التي يمكن أن يحدثها وصول هذه التعزيزات على موازين القوى، والسيناريوهات العسكرية المحتملة في اليمن على ضوء المعطيات الميدانية الجديدة في هذه المحافظات.
صعدة الأهم
فإذا كانت محافظات الشمال والوسط تؤدي إلى صنعاء فإن صعدة في رأي أستاذ العلوم السياسية في جامعة صنعاء عبد الباقي شمسان هي الأهم، وعلى التحالف العربي ألا يترك هذه المحافظة تتمتع بنوع من الاستقلال وبوجود عسكري على شاكلة حزب الله.
من ناحيته، قال الخبير في الشؤون الإستراتيجية إبراهيم آل مرعي إن دول التحالف بات لديها قناعة بأن الحوثيين حتى لو سلموا بالقرار الأممي 2216 لا بد من اجتياح أربع محافظات هي مأرب والجوف وصعدة وحجة لضمان نزع السلاح وتدميره، وما لم يحدث هذا فإن انتكاسة "ستصيبنا لقرن من الزمان".
وبشأن ما يقال عن رفض الولايات المتحدة الحرب البرية وصولا إلى صنعاء قال آل مرعي: الرسالة التي وصلت الأمم المتحدة وواشنطن وأوروبا أن اليمن جزء من الأمني القومي السعودي والخليجي، وأن قبول "أنصار الشيطان" على حدودهم يساوي قبول أميركا الصواريخ السوفياتية في كوبا عام 1962.
بدوره، قال شمسان إن المشروع الغربي واضح المعالم "ويبدو أنه يسعى لتحقيق استقرار في الجنوب مما يجعل الانفصال بين الشمال والجنوب أمرا موضوعيا"، لافتا إلى أن هذا المشروع كان ينبغي للتحالف أن يكسره في تعز حتى تنضم إلى سياق وطني يمني واحد.
فدرلة اليمن
أما لماذا تريد أميركا منع معركة صنعاء البرية فقال شمسان: واشنطن تريد الحوثيين جزءا من الحل، وإقامة مشروع فدرلة واستدعاء ثنائيات الشيعة والسنة، وإذا حدث هذا فإن الخطر القادم على الطريقة العراقية سيكون أكبر.
بدوره، قال الباحث السياسي عبد الوهاب الشرفي إن هذه المحافظات شهدت صراعات "قبل دخول أنصار الله إلى صنعاء"، واليوم يجري إذكاء الصراع الذي كان بين طرفين هما "أنصار الله" (الحوثيون) وقوات علي صالح من جانب وقوات اللواء علي محسن وحزب الإصلاح من جانب آخر.

ومضى يقول إن دخول القوات البرية للتحالف قد يترتب عليه إنهاك قوات صالح والحوثيين، لكنه قد يكون أيضا في صالح الطرف الأخير الذي كان يعاني من مشكلة الغارات الجوية التي ليس له قدرة على التعامل معها.
أما عن موقف واشنطن فقال إنها تتعامل مع واقع لا مع رغبات، والواقع يقول إن الحوثيين وأنصار علي صالح يشكلون شريحة واسعة من المجتمع، وإن الحل العسكري لن يجعل اليمن مستقرا.

العربي: مشكلة اللاجئين السوريين أكبر من أن تعالجها الجامعة العربية

أمين عام جامعة الدول العربية نبيل العربي

WHAT AN ASSHOLE.....

HE AND HIS "ARAB LEAGUE."



Link

لقاهرة- الأناضول: قال  نبيل العربي، أمين عام جامعة الدول العربية، إن معالجة مشكلة اللاجئين أكبر من أن تقوم بها الجامعة، معرباً عن “أسفه الشديد” لما يعانيه الشعب السوري من تهجير ومعاناة.
جاء ذلك في تصريحات صحفية له، بمقر الجامعة العربية في القاهرة الخميس، تعليقاً على معاناة السوريين الفارين من الحرب في سوريا، والتي تجلت الأربعاء، في صورة طفل سوري غارق ألقته المياه على شاطئ منتجع (بودروم) السياحي التركي، بعد وفاة 12 لاجئًا سوريًا أثناء محاولتهم الوصول إلى جزيرة “كوس″ اليونانية.
وأعرب العربي “عن أسفه الشديد”، للحادثة، مقرًا بـ”عجز″ الأمانة العامة للجامعة في معالجة تلك المشكلة، معتبراً “أن المشكلة الحقيقية للمأساة تكمن في حل المشاكل السياسية في سوريا”.
ولفت الأمين العام، خلال كلمته أمام أعمال الدورة السادسة والتسعين (96) للمجلس الاقتصادي والاجتماعي، “أنه رغم وجود مجهود دولي وعربي في هذا الصدد لكنه لم يؤد إلى شيء”.
وأكد العربي أن الآثار المدمرة لاستمرار الوضع المأساوي في سوريا – نتيجة استمرار الحرب – انعكست على الشعب السوري، مؤكداً أن “ما يعانيه من تهجير ولجوء ونزوح ومعاناة خارج سوريا وداخلها يتطلب تضامنًا عربيًا، وإجراءات عملية عاجلة للتخفيف من معاناته بالسعي لوقف القتال والإسهام في توفير متطلبات الإغاثة الإنسانية”.
وأشار العربي، أن التطورات والأحداث المتلاحقة التي تمر بها المنطقة العربية وأثرها المباشر على المكتسبات التنموية، تتطلب من المجلس الاقتصادي والاجتماعي جهودًا إضافية لمواجهة الآثار الاجتماعية الناجمة عنها.

مليون طفل بالشرق الأوسط لا يرتادون المدارس 13

DNA- غرق طفل سوري- 03/09/2015



EXCELLENT!

From Azmi Bishara's Facebook Page


عجبت لمن ينتقد اوروبا على عدم استقبال اللاجئين، وهي تستحق النقد الشديد، ويينسى، أو يتناسى عن قصد، أن يدين القاتل الذي هجر هؤلاء اللاجئين من بلادهم عن سبق الإصرار و الترصد بالقصف والقتل والتجويع والتشريد، والترانسفير الطائفي والعرقي!! تفصل مسافة كالتي بين السماء والأرض بين من يقصر في التضامن والإيواء، ومن يهجر الناس بالقمع والقتل والقصف الموجه. محاولة المجرم أن يختفي خلف من يقصر بالتضامن مع ضحاياه كمن يحاول أن يختبئ خلف اصبعه.

As Syrian Colonel Faces Charges in Maher Arar Torture Case, Will U.S. Ever Apologize?

Democracy Now!

"In a move to hold government officials accountable for torture, Canada has charged Syrian Colonel George Salloum with allegedly torturing Canadian engineer Maher Arar. In 2002, Arar was kidnapped by U.S. authorities during a layover at JFK Airport and then sent to his native Syria, where he was tortured and interrogated in a tiny underground cell. He was held for nearly a year. This is the first-ever criminal charge of torture brought by Canada against a foreign government official for acts committed abroad. Canada’s decision to pursue torture charges in Arar’s case may open the door to further such prosecutions, including of U.S. government officials. In 2007, Arar received a $10 million settlement from the Canadian government. The United States has yet to apologize to him. We speak with Maher Arar’s wife, Monia Mazigh, and Alex Neve, secretary general of Amnesty International Canada....."

Emad Hajjaj's Cartoon: Drowned Syrian Child